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Childhood In The Mill on the Floss

Introduction to childhood in the mill on the floss: Factually, one’s childhood is the most significant part of his life. The progress of his personality, his intelligence, and his social attitude are contingent on the early years of his childhood. A human mind repeatedly acknowledges what it interprets from its environs. All of his childhood reminiscences own a strong position […]

The Wife Of Bath as a Modern Woman

IntroductionThe Wife of Bath, a prominent character. Chaucer wrote The Canterbury Tales in 1392, a time when women’s role in society was limited and has become a subject of special discussion in the modern era. Middle age societies were patriarchal, were male, dominant in all respects, had the authority resided in their hands. Also, men were the protectors of women. […]

Oedipus Rex and the concept of Destiny

Introduction: Oedipus Rex was written during the classical era when Greek Mythology was the topic of concentration, and thus several authors wrote their literary works based on Greek Mythology. Sophocles wrote Oedipus Rex, which revolves around a Greek and a Roman concept of destiny whereby the three goddesses of fate already determine man’s fate. Thus, man has no control over the path his […]

Character Analysis Of “The Oxford Cleric” in Chaucer’s “The Canterbury Tales”

As we know The Oxford Cleric is one of the original travelers who joined the patrons at the Tabbard Inn, who were making a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral in The Canterbury Tales. Not much is given to his physical description; however, when the Host calls on the Clerk, much is detailed about the Clerk’s demeanor. These remarks help illustrate the analysis […]


رات کا پچھلا پہر نہ جانے کتنے راز اپنے اندر سمیٹے ہوئے  ہے  ۔ اس عالمِ سکوت میں کھلے آسمان تلے وہ ایک  آئینہ ہی ہے جو کتنی ان کہی داستانوں کو ٹھکانہ دیے ہوئے ہے ۔ بھیڑ میں اپنے آپ کو صرف تنہائی کا ساتھی پاتے ہوئے اس آئینے میں جنم لیتی کرچیاں اب اپنے مکینوں کو دلاسہ دے رہی ہیں کہ یہ پہر اب تم خانہ بدوشوں کا مسکن ہوگا جو تمہیں اس خانہ بدوشی سے نجات دلائے گا ۔۔وہ آئینہ جو  ان جنم لیتی کرچیوں کا واحد مسکن ہے اس دلاسے پر ہنس رہا ہے کہ خانہ بدوشی کا خاتمہ ہوگا!۔۔۔۔۔۔جنہیں آج تک کوئی مستقل مسکن نہ مل سکا انہیں یہ ٹھکرایا ہوا پہر کیا دے گا ؟ جو خود ان رازوں کو لئے آج اس نہج پر پہنچ چکا ہے کہ اب کوئی صدا بھی اسے سنائی نہیں دیتی اور رد کیے جانے کا احساس اس کی سیاہی میں نئے رنگوں کو جنم دے رہا ہے وہ ابھرتے رنگ جو اس پہر کا مسکن چھین رہے ہیں۔ یہ پہر جو خود خانہ بدوشی کی دلدل میں پسنےکر تیار  ہے کیسے ان داستانوں اور دفن ہوئے رازوں کی خانہ بدوشی کا خاتمہ کرے گا ؟۔۔۔۔۔۔ پہر ،آئینہ اور کرچیاں جو اپنے مکینوں کا کل دیکھ رہے ہیں اپنے آج سے نہ آشنا ہیں کہ اس آنے والے کل میں ان کی خود کی ذاتصفحہِ ہستی میں کہیں نظر نہیں اتی ۔۔۔ان خانہ بدوشوں کا کیا ہے ۔۔یہ تو ازل سے اسی راہ کے مسافر ہیں کہ جہاں محفوظ ٹھکانہملے کچھ دیر کے لئے وہی پراؤ ڈال لیا مگر آج تک کسی نے ان خانہ بدوشوں سے یہ نہیں پوچھا کہ ہر ٹھکانہ ان کا مسکن بنتے ہیکیوں اپنی ہستی سے ہاتھ دو بیٹھتا ہے ؟۔۔۔ نہ ہی ان خانہ بدوشوں پر کبھی کسی نے توجہ دی کہ یہ کیوں در در کی ٹھوکریں کھاتےپھرتے ہیں۔۔۔ایسا کیا ہے ان میں جو ہر چیز اپنے ساتھ بہا لئے جاتا ہے ۔۔ نہ جانے کتنے در کتنے مکیں ان خانہ بدوشوں کی بھینٹ چڑھ گئے۔۔۔نہ جانے کب ان خانہ بدوشوں کو اپنا مسکن ملے گا کہ جہاں اسپہر میں پھیلے سکوت کی طرح سکون کے ڈیرے ہونگے اور پھر انہیں کہیں بھی کسی در کی تلاش میں نہیں بھٹکنا پرے گا۔۔۔                                                                    زید ارشد

Difference Between Writings of the Renaissance and the Middle Ages

Introduction Renaissance and the middle ages: The English Renaissance and the middle age are two different eras in the history of English Literature with different subjects of discussion, the writing style, the portrayal of social norms, and ethnicity. Every era in history introduced new ideas and new thoughts which changed the traditional ways and brought about a new way of […]

When to use Active and Passive sentences

During general communication, one only prefers to convey the meaning and does not usually emphasize one specific subject. It does happen but, general communication covers other factors such as facial expressions, pitch and the use of words, etc. So, it is comparably easy to convey the actual intentions or meanings of a specific speech and the use of passive voice […]


Mortality is being defined Where Place where Nothing is eternal and Mostly UnReal The Inn where Nothing and No one resides forever There Comes A Spiritually Placid Bounty like YOU like Never Where Everyone longs For Materialistic pursuits & Everyone Buys Shining Subjects like Hot Cakes With wearing their Boots But Here I am Holding my Wishlist to be Completed […]

A Brief Introduction To Sonnet

Poetry as a specific form of arts and literature is a very exquisite way to transform a whole story, thought or expressions in a few lines. However, with the rising popularity of poems, several categories of poems were formed. In this particular expression of mine, I would like to choose and consider expressing my understandings towards a specific type of […]